Gambling in the Philippines
Betting in the Philippines has been present since the nineteenth century, and is still prevalent in the country today. Presently, it takes on various legal and illegal types found almost throughout the archipelago. The government handles gambling through the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) that intends to regulate and operate games of chance, and also to generate government capital, but there are also other public and private agencies that manages particular forms of gambling. In particular, casino gaming under PAGCOR is necessary to the country’s tourism and revenue. The Philippines has more casinos than Macau, with twenty found in Metro Manila alone.
Even before the Spanish colonization., gaming is said to have been within the Philippines. Even though there are no specific records when gambling was initially practiced in the archipelago, it is likely that some forms were introduced by the Chinese in the late sixteenth century. Because of the proximity of both countries, many local Chinese goes to the Philippines for both business and profit, engaging in various trades and actions.  About Magellan’s voyage to the Philippines, it was mentioned in the accounts of Antonio Pigafetta, that he had witnessed bets being placed on cockfights when his ship arrived in Palawan in 1521.